Glossary Of Terms


This is one of the most common knee injuries – especially among athletes who participate in sports that involve a lot of stopping, jumping and changing directions, such as soccer, football and basketball. It can involve a partial or complete tear of the anterior cruciate (ACL) ligament in the knee, leading to pain, swelling, joint instability and a decreased range of motion.


Although there are several types of arthritis, the most common form is called osteoarthritis, which presents as thinning of joint cartilage, which protects your joints from wear and tear. It can present with pain, stiffness, swelling, and decreased mobility.


This innovative treatment approach utilizes your body’s own bone marrow, which houses potent Mesenchymal stem cells and anti-inflammatory proteins or cytokines, to potential provide symptomatic relief of muscle, bone, tendon, and joint injuries.


Bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that help minimize friction with joint movement. When these structures become irritated and inflamed, it’s called bursitis—causing pain, stiffness, tenderness and swelling.


Iliotibial band syndrome is a very common overuse injury, especially amongst runners. It develops when the IT Band, a tendon that extends down the outside of the leg, becomes tight and irritated, causing pain in the hip, knee and leg.


The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is the thick band of tissue on the inside of your knee that connects your thigh bone to your lower leg. An MCL injury develops when this tissue becomes damaged or torn, often presenting with pain on the inside of the knee.


The meniscus is a rubbery disc that cushions your knee joint and helps stabilizes the joint. A tear in this structure commonly develops due to twisting or turning while your knee is bent. Tears are classically defined by excessive clicking or locking of the knee joint during movement.


Also known as jumper’s knee, patellar tendinitis is an injury to the tendon that connects your kneecap to your shinbone. It’s very common in athletes who jump frequently, such as those who participate in basketball.



Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy is a natural treatment that uses powerful healing platelets from your blood that aims to keep you active from damaged tendons and cartilage.


Prolotherapy is a non-surgical method for treating injured joints and connective tissue. It harnesses your body’s natural healing potential to stimulate an inflammatory response, potentially strengthening weakened tendons and ligaments.


Sciatica is classically described as nerve like radiating pain down the buttock or leg, which can range from mild to debilitating. It frequently occurs when the sciatic nerve is compressed by a herniated disc in the spine or from a gluteal or piriformis (buttock) muscle.


Tendons connect muscle to the underlying bone, and can become inflamed due to injury and repetitive movements – causing tendonitis. When this irritation becomes chronic and long-lasting, with a failed healing response it is classically termed tendinosis.


A common source of hand pain, trigger finger occurs when tendons in the region become inflamed thickened and scarred, causing one of your fingers to become painfully stuck in a bent position.

Get on the path to comprehensive healing and long-term pain relief today.

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